About the Tests

About Test Blueprints

Test blueprints are created to provide guidance to Subject Matter Experts (SMEs) during the item writing phase of test development. In addition, we believe that they can assist those instructors who did not participate in item writing (and administrators) to understand the broad content of the item bank. Items are formally allocated across a course outline in a three-step process*:

  1. CETE psychometricians send a survey starting in the summer prior to item writing and until the item bank is written. The survey asks teachers to identify competencies they deem to be most important within the course as well as the difficulty level of writing items to each competency. Survey data is used to create a suggested blueprint for review by the Ohio Department of Education program specialists and SMEs.
  2. SMEs review the blueprint as a large group before item writing for a specific EOC test. There and in small groups, SMEs review the course outline and have the ability to make changes to the blueprint with a documented rationale based on their experience and expertise.
  3. Any revisions during small group work must be approved by the larger panel of SMEs attending an item writing workshop, as well as the program specialist from the Ohio Department of Education, which is the last step and produces the final blueprint which is summarized in this document.

Test blueprints can provide high-level guidance to instructors on preparing students for testing. It is important to keep in mind that the blueprint is a tool that is used when developing the test item bank during initial item writing and test creation. As with all tests, the End-of-Course test forms are a sample of the item bank.

Interpreting the Blueprints

Test blueprints display the total number of test items SMEs planned to write to a particular outcome (as designated in the course outline created by the Ohio Department of Education Office of Career-Technical Education or by a vendor). The blueprint describes structure of the item bank which is the total pool of test items created. Final test forms of 40-items are created from the item bank.

* This newer process for producing test blueprints was implemented October 1, 2015. Item banks created prior to this date were completed under a different blueprint process and therefore we are looking backward to provide the structure of the item bank. As revisions are completed for those career fields, for example Information Technology (2017-18), the blueprint process used will be the newer model. Learn more at cete.osu.edu/expertise/assessment

Test Blueprints

Business Foundations

ODE Subject Code: 141000
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills11.90
1.2Leadership and Communications5.95
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology2.38
1.6Business Literacy7.14
1.9Financial Management16.67
Strand 2. Business Foundations
2.1Business Activities22.62
2.2Economic Principles5.95
2.3International Business4.76
2.4Business Processes3.57
Strand 3. Business Relationships
3.1Customer Relations7.14
3.2Relationship Management7.14
3.4Social Media Communications4.76

Management Principles

ODE Subject Code: 141025
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills5.41
1.2Leadership and Communications3.60
1.3Business Ethics and Law4.50
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology4.50
Strand 2. Business Foundations
2.1Business Activities4.50
2.4Business Processes4.50
Strand 3. Business Relationships
3.2Relationship Management4.50
3.3Business Communications Management5.41
Strand 4. Business Governance
4.1Enterprise Risk Management Fundamentals0.90
4.3Compliance2.70
4.6Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)6.31
4.7Governance Structures1.80
Strand 6. Resource Management
6.1Management Fundamentals13.51
6.2Information Management2.70
6.7Talent Onboarding and Development8.11
6.9Employee Engagement, Experience and Relations6.31
Strand 7. Operations Management
7.4Quality Management3.60
Strand 8. Process Management
8.3Project Management3.60
Strand 10. Strategic Management
10.1Strategic Planning7.21
10.3Change Management6.31

Strategic Entrepreneurship

ODE Subject Code: 141030
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.2Leadership and Communications5.56
1.3Business Ethics and Law6.67
1.5Global Environment1.11
1.6Business Literacy4.44
1.7Entrepreneurship/Entrepreneurs7.78
1.8Operations Management1.11
1.9Financial Management8.89
Strand 2. Business Foundations
2.1Business Activities7.78
2.2Economic Principles1.11
2.3International Business1.11
2.4Business Processes1.11
Strand 3. Business Relationships
3.1Customer Relations3.33
Strand 4. Business Governance
4.4Legal Environment1.11
4.6Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)3.33
4.8Legal Foundations2.22
Strand 5. Marketing
5.1Marketing Fundamentals 5.56
5.5Market Planning6.67
5.9Marketing Communications1.11
Strand 6. Resource Management
6.1Management Fundamentals4.44
6.2Information Management1.11
6.3Business Applications1.11
6.6Talent Acquisition1.11
Strand 7. Operations Management
7.5Facilities Management1.11
Strand 9. Financial Analysis and Evaluation
9.1Financial Principles5.56
9.7Managerial Accounting5.56
Strand 10. Strategic Management
10.2Strategic Execution1.11
10.6Product Development 8.89

International Business

ODE Subject Code: 141035
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills2.08
1.2Leadership and Communications4.17
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology3.13
1.5Global Environment6.25
1.6Business Literacy4.17
1.11Principles of Business Economics9.38
Strand 2. Business Foundations
2.3International Business18.75
Strand 3. Business Relationships
3.1Customer Relations3.13
3.4Social Media Communications3.13
Strand 4. Business Governance
4.6Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)4.17
Strand 5. Marketing
5.3Marketing Information Management4.17
5.9Marketing Communications4.17
Strand 6. Resource Management
6.1Management Fundamentals3.13
Strand 7. Operations Management
7.2Sourcing and Procurement5.21
7.4Quality Management3.13
7.6Distribution and Logistics Management5.21
7.7Supply Chain Management 4.17
7.8Operations Risk Management4.17
Strand 9. Financial Analysis and Evaluation
9.1Financial Principles3.13
Strand 10. Strategic Management
10.2Strategic Execution5.21

Fundamentals of Business and Administrative Services

ODE Subject Code: 142000
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills2.13
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology1.06
1.11Principles of Business Economics1.06
Strand 2. Business Foundations
2.1Business Activities4.26
2.2Economic Principles27.66
2.3International Business4.26
2.4Business Processes6.38
Strand 3. Business Relationships
3.1Customer Relations4.26
3.2Relationship Management3.19
3.3Business Communications Management8.51
Strand 6. Resource Management
6.1Management Fundamentals6.38
6.3Business Applications4.26
Strand 7. Operations Management
7.1Safety, Health and Security5.32
7.7Supply Chain Management 6.38
Strand 8. Process Management
8.1Business Process Analysis3.19
8.4Contract Oversight4.26
Strand 9. Financial Analysis and Evaluation
9.1Financial Principles7.45

Human Resource Management

ODE Subject Code: 142035
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills1.16
1.3Business Ethics and Law4.65
1.6Business Literacy1.16
Strand 2. Business Foundations
2.2Economic Principles3.49
Strand 3. Business Relationships
3.1Customer Relations6.98
3.2Relationship Management4.65
Strand 6. Resource Management
6.5Human Resources Planning13.95
6.6Talent Acquisition3.49
6.7Talent Onboarding and Development13.95
6.8Total Rewards and Recognition11.63
6.9Employee Engagement, Experience and Relations8.14
6.10Human Resources Operations11.63
Strand 8. Process Management
8.4Contract Oversight3.49
Strand 9. Financial Analysis and Evaluation
9.4Internal Controls3.49
Strand 10. Strategic Management
10.1Strategic Planning3.49
10.2Strategic Execution4.65

Business Informatics

ODE Subject Code: 142040
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills4.12
1.2Leadership and Communications7.22
1.3Business Ethics and Law3.09
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology5.15
Strand 3. Business Relationships
3.2Relationship Management5.15
3.3Business Communications Management8.25
Strand 6. Resource Management
6.2Information Management8.25
6.3Business Applications9.28
6.4Knowledge Management 5.15
Strand 7. Operations Management
7.1Safety, Health and Security6.19
Strand 8. Process Management
8.1Business Process Analysis9.28
8.2Data Research and Analysis9.28
8.3Project Management8.25
Strand 9. Financial Analysis and Evaluation
9.4Internal Controls6.19
9.7Managerial Accounting5.15

Finance Foundations

ODE Subject Code: 143000
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills3.26
1.2Leadership and Communications5.43
1.3Business Ethics and Law4.35
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology5.43
1.9Financial Management7.61
1.11Principles of Business Economics4.35
Strand 2. Business Foundations
2.1Business Activities3.26
2.2Economic Principles8.70
2.3International Business3.26
2.4Business Processes3.26
Strand 3. Business Relationships
3.1Customer Relations4.35
3.2Relationship Management3.26
3.3Business Communications Management4.35
Strand 4. Business Governance
4.1Enterprise Risk Management Fundamentals6.52
4.3Compliance3.26
4.6Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)3.26
Strand 8. Process Management
8.5Financial Operations2.17
Strand 9. Financial Analysis and Evaluation
9.1Financial Principles5.43
9.2Corporate Investments3.26
9.5Financial Accounting11.96
Strand 10. Strategic Management
10.2Strategic Execution3.26

Financial Accounting

ODE Subject Code: 143005
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills0.99
1.2Leadership and Communications0.99
1.3Business Ethics and Law1.98
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology1.98
1.9Financial Management0.99
Strand 2. Business Foundations
2.1Business Activities2.97
2.2Economic Principles3.96
2.4Business Processes2.97
Strand 3. Business Relationships
3.1Customer Relations1.98
3.2Relationship Management2.97
Strand 4. Business Governance
4.6Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)6.93
4.7Governance Structures2.97
Strand 6. Resource Management
6.2Information Management2.97
Strand 7. Operations Management
7.3Inventory Management2.97
Strand 8. Process Management
8.1Business Process Analysis2.97
8.4Contract Oversight1.98
Strand 9. Financial Analysis and Evaluation
9.1Financial Principles9.90
9.2Corporate Investments1.98
9.3Financial Risk Management2.97
9.4Internal Controls3.96
9.5Financial Accounting27.72
9.6Financial Reporting and Auditing 7.92
9.7Managerial Accounting2.97

Corporate Finance

ODE Subject Code: 143010
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills2.06
1.2Leadership and Communications1.03
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology1.03
1.9Financial Management18.56
Strand 4. Business Governance
4.1Enterprise Risk Management Fundamentals6.19
Strand 8. Process Management
8.3Project Management3.09
8.4Contract Oversight3.09
Strand 9. Financial Analysis and Evaluation
9.1Financial Principles22.68
9.2Corporate Investments17.53
9.3Financial Risk Management11.34
Strand 10. Strategic Management
10.1Strategic Planning4.12
10.4Cash Management4.12
10.5Capital Management5.15

Managerial Accounting

ODE Subject Code: 143015
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills5.68
1.9Financial Management1.14
Strand 2. Business Foundations
2.2Economic Principles5.68
2.3International Business4.55
Strand 3. Business Relationships
3.3Business Communications Management6.82
Strand 6. Resource Management
6.1Management Fundamentals5.68
6.2Information Management3.41
6.3Business Applications3.41
Strand 7. Operations Management
7.2Sourcing and Procurement3.41
7.3Inventory Management7.95
7.4Quality Management4.55
Strand 9. Financial Analysis and Evaluation
9.1Financial Principles5.68
9.2Corporate Investments3.41
9.3Financial Risk Management5.68
9.7Managerial Accounting25.00
Strand 10. Strategic Management
10.4Cash Management3.41
10.5Capital Management4.55

Fundamentals of Financial Services

ODE Subject Code: 143020
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills2.25
1.2Leadership and Communications4.49
1.9Financial Management1.12
Strand 2. Business Foundations
2.2Economic Principles4.49
2.3International Business3.37
Strand 3. Business Relationships
3.1Customer Relations4.49
3.2Relationship Management2.25
3.3Business Communications Management3.37
3.4Social Media Communications3.37
Strand 4. Business Governance
4.1Enterprise Risk Management Fundamentals3.37
4.7Governance Structures7.87
Strand 5. Marketing
5.1Marketing Fundamentals 3.37
5.9Marketing Communications3.37
5.11Selling11.24
Strand 6. Resource Management
6.2Information Management3.37
6.3Business Applications4.49
Strand 8. Process Management
8.5Financial Operations8.99
Strand 9. Financial Analysis and Evaluation
9.1Financial Principles6.74
9.2Corporate Investments4.49
9.3Financial Risk Management8.99
9.6Financial Reporting and Auditing 4.49

Financial Services Operations

ODE Subject Code: 143025
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills3.45
1.2Leadership and Communications5.75
1.3Business Ethics and Law2.30
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology3.45
1.9Financial Management3.45
Strand 2. Business Foundations
2.1Business Activities3.45
2.4Business Processes3.45
Strand 4. Business Governance
4.1Enterprise Risk Management Fundamentals2.30
4.2Enterprise Risk Management for Financial Institutions9.20
4.3Compliance4.60
Strand 6. Resource Management
6.1Management Fundamentals4.60
6.2Information Management3.45
6.3Business Applications3.45
Strand 7. Operations Management
7.1Safety, Health and Security3.45
7.3Inventory Management3.45
7.4Quality Management1.15
7.8Operations Risk Management4.60
Strand 8. Process Management
8.1Business Process Analysis4.60
8.3Project Management5.75
8.5Financial Operations11.49
Strand 9. Financial Analysis and Evaluation
9.4Internal Controls5.75
9.6Financial Reporting and Auditing 3.45
Strand 10. Strategic Management
10.4Cash Management3.45

Marketing Principles

ODE Subject Code: 144000
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills1.05
1.2Leadership and Communications6.32
1.3Business Ethics and Law4.21
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology3.16
1.11Principles of Business Economics4.21
Strand 2. Business Foundations
2.2Economic Principles7.37
2.3International Business3.16
2.4Business Processes6.32
Strand 3. Business Relationships
3.3Business Communications Management4.21
Strand 5. Marketing
5.1Marketing Fundamentals 17.89
5.2Channel Management4.21
5.3Marketing Information Management3.16
5.4Marketing Research6.32
5.5Market Planning4.21
5.6Pricing3.16
5.8Branding6.32
5.9Marketing Communications8.42
5.11Selling6.32

Marketing Applications

ODE Subject Code: 144005
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills4.30
1.2Leadership and Communications5.38
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology3.23
1.5Global Environment4.30
1.11Principles of Business Economics5.38
Strand 5. Marketing
5.2Channel Management6.45
5.3Marketing Information Management4.30
5.4Marketing Research3.23
5.5Market Planning17.20
5.6Pricing13.98
5.7Product and Service Management7.53
5.8Branding6.45
5.12Marketing Operations5.38
Strand 9. Financial Analysis and Evaluation
9.7Managerial Accounting4.30
Strand 10. Strategic Management
10.6Product Development 8.60

Professional and Technical Sales

ODE Subject Code: 144030
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills3.26
1.2Leadership and Communications9.78
1.3Business Ethics and Law4.35
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology3.26
Strand 3. Business Relationships
3.1Customer Relations5.43
3.2Relationship Management9.78
3.3Business Communications Management4.35
Strand 5. Marketing
5.1Marketing Fundamentals 4.35
5.3Marketing Information Management4.35
5.5Market Planning3.26
5.6Pricing5.43
5.11Selling34.78
5.12Marketing Operations3.26
Strand 6. Resource Management
6.1Management Fundamentals4.35

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