About the Tests

About Test Blueprints

Test blueprints are created to provide guidance to Subject Matter Experts (SMEs) during the item writing phase of test development. In addition, we believe that they can assist those instructors who did not participate in item writing (and administrators) to understand the broad content of the item bank. Items are formally allocated across a course outline in a three-step process*:

  1. CETE psychometricians send a survey starting in the summer prior to item writing and until the item bank is written. The survey asks teachers to identify competencies they deem to be most important within the course as well as the difficulty level of writing items to each competency. Survey data is used to create a suggested blueprint for review by the Ohio Department of Education program specialists and SMEs.
  2. SMEs review the blueprint as a large group before item writing for a specific EOC test. There and in small groups, SMEs review the course outline and have the ability to make changes to the blueprint with a documented rationale based on their experience and expertise.
  3. Any revisions during small group work must be approved by the larger panel of SMEs attending an item writing workshop, as well as the program specialist from the Ohio Department of Education, which is the last step and produces the final blueprint which is summarized in this document.

Test blueprints can provide high-level guidance to instructors on preparing students for testing. It is important to keep in mind that the blueprint is a tool that is used when developing the test item bank during initial item writing and test creation. As with all tests, the End-of-Course test forms are a sample of the item bank.

Interpreting the Blueprints

Test blueprints display the total number of test items SMEs planned to write to a particular outcome (as designated in the course outline created by the Ohio Department of Education Office of Career-Technical Education or by a vendor). The blueprint describes structure of the item bank which is the total pool of test items created. Final test forms of 40-items are created from the item bank.

* This newer process for producing test blueprints was implemented October 1, 2015. Item banks created prior to this date were completed under a different blueprint process and therefore we are looking backward to provide the structure of the item bank. As revisions are completed for those career fields, for example Information Technology (2017-18), the blueprint process used will be the newer model. Learn more at cete.osu.edu/expertise/assessment

Test Blueprints

Foundations of Education and Training

ODE Subject Code: 350002
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills15.38
1.2Leadership and Communications15.38
1.3Business Ethics and Law3.30
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology2.20
1.5Global Environment3.30
Strand 2. Foundations of Education
2.1History and Philosophy28.57
2.2Education Systems13.19
2.3Professionalism8.79
2.5Human Resource Considerations9.89

Classroom Management

ODE Subject Code: 350030
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills7.78
1.2Leadership and Communications8.89
1.3Business Ethics and Law7.78
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology7.78
1.5Global Environment5.56
Strand 2. Foundations of Education
2.3Professionalism8.89
2.4Operational Responsibilities3.33
Strand 3. Learners and Their Development
3.4Social and Emotional Growth and Development8.89
3.7Cultural Growth and Development1.11
Strand 4. Learning Environment
4.1Safe Environments4.44
4.4Environmental Design6.67
4.5Responsive Environment10.00
4.6Stakeholder Relationships6.67
4.7Classroom Management10.00
Strand 5. Curriculum and Instruction
5.3Resources2.22

Child and Adolescent Development

ODE Subject Code: 350035
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills3.16
1.3Business Ethics and Law2.11
1.5Global Environment1.05
Strand 2. Foundations of Education
2.1History and Philosophy3.16
2.2Education Systems3.16
Strand 3. Learners and Their Development
3.1Growth and Development Theories7.37
3.2Cognitive Growth and Development11.58
3.3Physical Growth and Development7.37
3.4Social and Emotional Growth and Development12.63
3.5Language Growth and Development15.79
3.6Literacy Development7.37
3.7Cultural Growth and Development9.47
3.8Learner Characteristics6.32
Strand 4. Learning Environment
4.4Environmental Design1.05
4.5Responsive Environment2.11
4.6Stakeholder Relationships2.11
Strand 5. Curriculum and Instruction
5.2Instructional Planning1.05
Strand 7. Observation and Assessment
7.2Observation3.16

Early Childhood Education Principles

ODE Subject Code: 350205
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills3.26
1.3Business Ethics and Law3.26
1.5Global Environment3.26
Strand 2. Foundations of Education
2.1History and Philosophy6.52
2.2Education Systems8.70
2.3Professionalism15.22
2.4Operational Responsibilities1.09
Strand 3. Learners and Their Development
3.1Growth and Development Theories4.35
3.2Cognitive Growth and Development3.26
3.3Physical Growth and Development2.17
3.4Social and Emotional Growth and Development7.61
3.5Language Growth and Development5.43
3.6Literacy Development1.09
3.7Cultural Growth and Development4.35
Strand 4. Learning Environment
4.1Safe Environments2.17
4.4Environmental Design5.43
4.5Responsive Environment6.52
4.6Stakeholder Relationships10.87
4.7Classroom Management2.17
Strand 5. Curriculum and Instruction
5.2Instructional Planning1.09
Strand 6. Technology and Online Instruction
6.1Technology for the Learning Environment2.17

Infant and Toddler Education

ODE Subject Code: 350210
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.3Business Ethics and Law3.23
Strand 2. Foundations of Education
2.1History and Philosophy1.08
2.2Education Systems3.23
2.3Professionalism5.38
2.4Operational Responsibilities3.23
Strand 3. Learners and Their Development
3.1Growth and Development Theories5.38
3.2Cognitive Growth and Development2.15
3.3Physical Growth and Development3.23
3.4Social and Emotional Growth and Development7.53
3.5Language Growth and Development13.98
3.8Learner Characteristics5.38
Strand 4. Learning Environment
4.1Safe Environments4.30
4.2Healthy Environments Outcome6.45
4.3Nutrition5.38
4.4Environmental Design2.15
4.5Responsive Environment4.30
4.6Stakeholder Relationships10.75
4.7Classroom Management4.30
Strand 5. Curriculum and Instruction
5.2Instructional Planning1.08
Strand 7. Observation and Assessment
7.1Observation and Assessment Foundations1.08
7.2Observation6.45

Early Childhood Education Language and Literacy

ODE Subject Code: 350215
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.2Leadership and Communications4.21
Strand 2. Foundations of Education
2.3Professionalism2.11
Strand 3. Learners and Their Development
3.1Growth and Development Theories3.16
3.2Cognitive Growth and Development4.21
3.4Social and Emotional Growth and Development1.05
3.5Language Growth and Development20.00
3.6Literacy Development11.58
Strand 4. Learning Environment
4.6Stakeholder Relationships6.32
Strand 5. Curriculum and Instruction
5.3Resources2.11
5.5Foundations of Teaching Literacy14.74
5.6Literacy Instruction26.32
Strand 7. Observation and Assessment
7.2Observation4.21

Early Childhood Education Observation and Assessment

ODE Subject Code: 350220
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills3.19
1.2Leadership and Communications5.32
1.3Business Ethics and Law3.19
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology3.19
1.8Operations Management2.13
Strand 2. Foundations of Education
2.3Professionalism2.13
2.4Operational Responsibilities2.13
Strand 3. Learners and Their Development
3.1Growth and Development Theories1.06
3.2Cognitive Growth and Development2.13
3.5Language Growth and Development1.06
3.6Literacy Development2.13
3.8Learner Characteristics3.19
Strand 4. Learning Environment
4.6Stakeholder Relationships2.13
Strand 5. Curriculum and Instruction
5.1Curriculum Planning3.19
5.2Instructional Planning3.19
Strand 6. Technology and Online Instruction
6.3Online Instructional Design2.13
Strand 7. Observation and Assessment
7.1Observation and Assessment Foundations10.64
7.2Observation20.21
7.3Assessment14.89
7.4Test Analysis2.13
7.5Data Applications10.64

Communities, Schools and Stakeholders

ODE Subject Code: 350225
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills1.14
1.2Leadership and Communications6.82
1.5Global Environment7.95
Strand 2. Foundations of Education
2.1History and Philosophy2.27
2.2Education Systems2.27
2.3Professionalism1.14
Strand 3. Learners and Their Development
3.2Cognitive Growth and Development3.41
3.4Social and Emotional Growth and Development5.68
3.5Language Growth and Development6.82
3.7Cultural Growth and Development13.64
Strand 4. Learning Environment
4.1Safe Environments5.68
4.2Healthy Environments Outcome2.27
4.5Responsive Environment12.50
4.6Stakeholder Relationships20.45
4.7Classroom Management2.27
Strand 5. Curriculum and Instruction
5.3Resources5.68

Health, Safety and Nutrition

ODE Subject Code: 350230
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills2.17
1.2Leadership and Communications2.17
1.3Business Ethics and Law5.43
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology2.17
1.8Operations Management2.17
Strand 2. Foundations of Education
2.3Professionalism2.17
2.4Operational Responsibilities3.26
Strand 3. Learners and Their Development
3.1Growth and Development Theories1.09
3.3Physical Growth and Development6.52
3.8Learner Characteristics2.17
Strand 4. Learning Environment
4.1Safe Environments20.65
4.2Healthy Environments Outcome16.30
4.3Nutrition21.74
4.4Environmental Design5.43
4.5Responsive Environment2.17
4.6Stakeholder Relationships2.17
Strand 7. Observation and Assessment
7.2Observation2.17

Curriculum and Instruction for Early Childhood Education

ODE Subject Code: 350235
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills7.22
1.2Leadership and Communications7.22
1.3Business Ethics and Law4.12
1.8Operations Management3.09
Strand 2. Foundations of Education
2.4Operational Responsibilities5.15
Strand 3. Learners and Their Development
3.2Cognitive Growth and Development3.09
3.3Physical Growth and Development2.06
3.4Social and Emotional Growth and Development3.09
Strand 4. Learning Environment
4.4Environmental Design4.12
4.7Classroom Management2.06
Strand 5. Curriculum and Instruction
5.1Curriculum Planning9.28
5.2Instructional Planning13.40
5.3Resources8.25
5.4Instructional Implementation11.34
Strand 6. Technology and Online Instruction
6.1Technology for the Learning Environment1.03
6.2Blended and Online Learning Foundations3.09
6.3Online Instructional Design4.12
6.4Online Implementation2.06
Strand 7. Observation and Assessment
7.2Observation6.19

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