About the Tests

About Test Blueprints

Test blueprints are created to provide guidance to Subject Matter Experts (SMEs) during the item writing phase of test development. In addition, we believe that they can assist those instructors who did not participate in item writing (and administrators) to understand the broad content of the item bank. Items are formally allocated across a course outline in a three-step process*:

  1. CETE psychometricians send a survey starting in the summer prior to item writing and until the item bank is written. The survey asks teachers to identify competencies they deem to be most important within the course as well as the difficulty level of writing items to each competency. Survey data is used to create a suggested blueprint for review by the Ohio Department of Education program specialists and SMEs.
  2. SMEs review the blueprint as a large group before item writing for a specific EOC test. There and in small groups, SMEs review the course outline and have the ability to make changes to the blueprint with a documented rationale based on their experience and expertise.
  3. Any revisions during small group work must be approved by the larger panel of SMEs attending an item writing workshop, as well as the program specialist from the Ohio Department of Education, which is the last step and produces the final blueprint which is summarized in this document.

Test blueprints can provide high-level guidance to instructors on preparing students for testing. It is important to keep in mind that the blueprint is a tool that is used when developing the test item bank during initial item writing and test creation. As with all tests, the End-of-Course test forms are a sample of the item bank.

Interpreting the Blueprints

Test blueprints display the total number of test items SMEs planned to write to a particular outcome (as designated in the course outline created by the Ohio Department of Education Office of Career-Technical Education or by a vendor). The blueprint describes structure of the item bank which is the total pool of test items created. Final test forms of 40-items are created from the item bank.

* This newer process for producing test blueprints was implemented October 1, 2015. Item banks created prior to this date were completed under a different blueprint process and therefore we are looking backward to provide the structure of the item bank. As revisions are completed for those career fields, for example Information Technology (2017-18), the blueprint process used will be the newer model. Learn more at cete.osu.edu/expertise/assessment

Test Blueprints

Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources

ODE Subject Code: 010105
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.2Leadership and Communications2.22
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology1.11
1.6Business Literacy1.11
1.9Financial Management2.22
1.12Site and Personal Safety Procedures 8.89
Strand 2. Animal Science
2.3Care and Management13.33
Strand 3. Biotechnology
3.1Handling, Preparation, Storage, and Disposal3.33
3.4Molecular-Genetics Technology5.56
3.6Culturing3.33
Strand 4. Power Systems
4.1Tool, Stationary and Mobile Equipment Maintenance1.11
4.3Engines5.56
Strand 5. Structural Engineering
5.3Design and Estimate3.33
5.6Construction5.56
5.10Joining and Cutting Metals with Heat3.33
Strand 6. Environmental Science
6.1Soils11.11
6.2Water Quality3.33
6.11Habitat Management and Restoration3.33
Strand 7. Food Science
7.2Quality Assurance3.33
7.5Food Product Development3.33
Strand 8. Plant Science
8.1Plant Nutrition4.44
8.4Growth and Management5.56
Strand 9. Energy
9.1Energy Sources5.56

Business Management for Agricultural and Environmental Systems

ODE Subject Code: 010115
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills12.64
1.2Leadership and Communications13.79
1.3Business Ethics and Law5.75
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology4.60
1.5Global Environment1.15
1.6Business Literacy14.94
1.7Entrepreneurship/ Entrepreneurs8.05
1.8Operations Management10.34
1.9Financial Management17.24
1.10Sales and Marketing6.90
Strand 7. Food Science
7.7Biosecurity4.60

Electronic and Electrical Systems

ODE Subject Code: 010215
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills2.86
1.2Leadership and Communications3.81
1.3Business Ethics and Law1.90
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology7.62
1.6Business Literacy1.90
1.8Operations Management1.90
1.10Sales and Marketing1.90
1.12Site and Personal Safety Procedures 10.48
Strand 4. Power Systems
4.1Tool, Stationary and Mobile Equipment Maintenance9.52
4.3Engines2.86
4.6Ignition System8.57
4.8Starting and Charging Systems7.62
Strand 5. Structural Engineering
5.1Electrical Theory39.05

Hydraulics and Pneumatics

ODE Subject Code: 010225
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills3.42
1.2Leadership and Communications3.42
1.3Business Ethics and Law3.42
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology2.56
1.6Business Literacy1.71
1.8Operations Management1.71
1.10Sales and Marketing1.71
1.12Site and Personal Safety Procedures 17.09
Strand 4. Power Systems
4.1Tool, Stationary and Mobile Equipment Maintenance9.40
4.2Equipment Operations1.71
4.11Hydraulic Systems47.01
4.12Brakes3.42
Strand 6. Environmental Science
6.8Contaminants and Pollution Control1.71
6.9Hazardous Materials and Waste Management 1.71

Natural Resources

ODE Subject Code: 010710
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.2Leadership and Communications2.15
1.3Business Ethics and Law1.08
1.12Site and Personal Safety Procedures 5.38
Strand 2. Animal Science
2.2Body Systems15.05
2.3Care and Management4.30
2.4Recognizing Diseases and Disorders1.08
2.7Animal Behavior3.23
Strand 5. Structural Engineering
5.5Geographic Information Systems (GIS)2.15
5.8Water Distribution Systems1.08
Strand 6. Environmental Science
6.1Soils6.45
6.2Water Quality9.68
6.3Air Quality4.30
6.4Water Use and Management3.23
6.5Potable Water Treatment2.15
6.6Wastewater Operations1.08
6.7Solid Waste and Renewable Resource Management3.23
6.8Contaminants and Pollution Control2.15
6.10Ecosystems8.60
6.11Habitat Management and Restoration6.45
Strand 8. Plant Science
8.1Plant Nutrition1.08
8.2Plant Reproduction3.23
8.3Pest Management3.23
8.4Growth and Management8.60
Strand 9. Energy
9.1Energy Sources1.08

Energy Systems Management

ODE Subject Code: 010715
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills5.49
1.2Leadership and Communications5.49
1.3Business Ethics and Law1.10
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology2.20
1.6Business Literacy2.20
1.10Sales and Marketing1.10
1.11Principles of Business Economics3.30
1.12Site and Personal Safety Procedures 6.59
Strand 3. Biotechnology
3.8Research and Experiments 1.10
Strand 4. Power Systems
4.1Tool, Stationary and Mobile Equipment Maintenance7.69
4.2Equipment Operations3.30
Strand 5. Structural Engineering
5.1Electrical Theory8.79
5.2Structural Electrical Circuits5.49
5.3Design and Estimate6.59
5.4Surveying and Mapping3.30
5.8Water Distribution Systems5.49
Strand 6. Environmental Science
6.10Ecosystems2.20
Strand 9. Energy
9.1Energy Sources9.89
9.2Crude Oil and Natural Gas3.30
9.3Biomass4.40
9.4Solar Energy 4.40
9.5Wind Energy 6.59

Bio Energy

ODE Subject Code: 010716
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills7.61
1.2Leadership and Communications2.17
1.3Business Ethics and Law5.43
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology5.43
1.6Business Literacy2.17
1.10Sales and Marketing4.35
1.11Principles of Business Economics4.35
1.12Site and Personal Safety Procedures 6.52
Strand 3. Biotechnology
3.1Handling, Preparation, Storage, and Disposal5.43
3.2Foundations of Chemistry 3.26
3.7Bioreactor Technologies7.61
3.8Research and Experiments 4.35
Strand 6. Environmental Science
6.8Contaminants and Pollution Control6.52
6.9Hazardous Materials and Waste Management 4.35
Strand 8. Plant Science
8.5Harvesting1.09
8.6Handling and Storage4.35
Strand 9. Energy
9.1Energy Sources14.13
9.3Biomass10.87

Solar and Wind Energy

ODE Subject Code: 010717
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills3.33
1.2Leadership and Communications2.22
1.3Business Ethics and Law3.33
1.10Sales and Marketing3.33
1.11Principles of Business Economics3.33
1.12Site and Personal Safety Procedures 4.44
Strand 4. Power Systems
4.1Tool, Stationary and Mobile Equipment Maintenance5.56
4.2Equipment Operations2.22
4.11Hydraulic Systems3.33
Strand 5. Structural Engineering
5.1Electrical Theory6.67
5.2Structural Electrical Circuits6.67
5.3Design and Estimate6.67
5.4Surveying and Mapping4.44
5.6Construction2.22
5.7Brick, Block and Concrete4.44
Strand 6. Environmental Science
6.1Soils5.56
6.3Air Quality1.11
6.8Contaminants and Pollution Control3.33
6.9Hazardous Materials and Waste Management 1.11
Strand 9. Energy
9.1Energy Sources5.56
9.4Solar Energy 7.78
9.5Wind Energy 13.33

Oil and Gas Operations

ODE Subject Code: 010718
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.10Sales and Marketing7.45
1.11Principles of Business Economics5.32
1.12Site and Personal Safety Procedures 10.64
Strand 4. Power Systems
4.1Tool, Stationary and Mobile Equipment Maintenance5.32
4.2Equipment Operations2.13
Strand 5. Structural Engineering
5.4Surveying and Mapping6.38
Strand 6. Environmental Science
6.1Soils3.19
6.8Contaminants and Pollution Control5.32
6.9Hazardous Materials and Waste Management 5.32
Strand 9. Energy
9.1Energy Sources10.64
9.2Crude Oil and Natural Gas38.30

Environmental Science for Agriculture and Natural Resources

ODE Subject Code: 010720
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills2.15
1.2Leadership and Communications3.23
1.3Business Ethics and Law1.08
1.11Principles of Business Economics3.23
1.12Site and Personal Safety Procedures 2.15
Strand 2. Animal Science
2.3Care and Management1.08
2.4Recognizing Diseases and Disorders2.15
2.6Population Management1.08
Strand 3. Biotechnology
3.8Research and Experiments 9.68
Strand 6. Environmental Science
6.1Soils7.53
6.2Water Quality5.38
6.3Air Quality3.23
6.4Water Use and Management3.23
6.5Potable Water Treatment2.15
6.6Wastewater Operations5.38
6.7Solid Waste and Renewable Resource Management7.53
6.8Contaminants and Pollution Control7.53
6.9Hazardous Materials and Waste Management 4.30
6.10Ecosystems8.60
6.11Habitat Management and Restoration8.60
Strand 8. Plant Science
8.3Pest Management2.15
Strand 9. Energy
9.1Energy Sources8.60

Environmental Systems Management

ODE Subject Code: 010725
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills6.32
1.2Leadership and Communications6.32
1.3Business Ethics and Law1.05
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology2.11
1.12Site and Personal Safety Procedures 6.32
Strand 3. Biotechnology
3.8Research and Experiments 7.37
Strand 4. Power Systems
4.1Tool, Stationary and Mobile Equipment Maintenance3.16
4.2Equipment Operations2.11
Strand 5. Structural Engineering
5.4Surveying and Mapping3.16
5.5Geographic Information Systems (GIS)3.16
Strand 6. Environmental Science
6.1Soils9.47
6.2Water Quality4.21
6.3Air Quality4.21
6.4Water Use and Management6.32
6.5Potable Water Treatment3.16
6.6Wastewater Operations4.21
6.7Solid Waste and Renewable Resource Management5.26
6.8Contaminants and Pollution Control6.32
6.9Hazardous Materials and Waste Management 3.16
6.10Ecosystems6.32
Strand 8. Plant Science
8.3Pest Management6.32

Forestry and Woodland Ecosystems

ODE Subject Code: 010730
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills6.17
1.2Leadership and Communications9.88
1.3Business Ethics and Law1.23
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology2.47
1.6Business Literacy2.47
1.10Sales and Marketing6.17
1.12Site and Personal Safety Procedures 8.64
Strand 4. Power Systems
4.1Tool, Stationary and Mobile Equipment Maintenance7.41
4.2Equipment Operations4.94
Strand 5. Structural Engineering
5.4Surveying and Mapping2.47
5.5Geographic Information Systems (GIS)1.23
Strand 6. Environmental Science
6.1Soils4.94
6.8Contaminants and Pollution Control3.70
6.10Ecosystems6.17
Strand 8. Plant Science
8.1Plant Nutrition4.94
8.2Plant Reproduction2.47
8.3Pest Management6.17
8.4Growth and Management9.88
8.5Harvesting6.17
8.6Handling and Storage2.47

Park and Recreational Management

ODE Subject Code: 010735
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills6.82
1.2Leadership and Communications7.95
1.3Business Ethics and Law5.68
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology5.68
1.6Business Literacy4.55
1.8Operations Management3.41
1.10Sales and Marketing4.55
1.12Site and Personal Safety Procedures 6.82
Strand 2. Animal Science
2.3Care and Management2.27
Strand 4. Power Systems
4.1Tool, Stationary and Mobile Equipment Maintenance7.95
4.2Equipment Operations5.68
Strand 5. Structural Engineering
5.3Design and Estimate6.82
5.4Surveying and Mapping5.68
5.6Construction1.14
Strand 6. Environmental Science
6.1Soils4.55
6.8Contaminants and Pollution Control3.41
6.9Hazardous Materials and Waste Management 2.27
6.10Ecosystems10.23
6.11Habitat Management and Restoration2.27
Strand 7. Food Science
7.7Biosecurity1.14
Strand 8. Plant Science
8.4Growth and Management1.14

Urban Forestry

ODE Subject Code: 010740
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills6.06
1.2Leadership and Communications5.05
1.3Business Ethics and Law2.02
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology1.01
1.6Business Literacy2.02
1.8Operations Management1.01
1.9Financial Management1.01
1.10Sales and Marketing2.02
1.12Site and Personal Safety Procedures 8.08
Strand 4. Power Systems
4.1Tool, Stationary and Mobile Equipment Maintenance14.14
4.2Equipment Operations5.05
Strand 5. Structural Engineering
5.3Design and Estimate2.02
Strand 6. Environmental Science
6.1Soils8.08
6.10Ecosystems3.03
Strand 8. Plant Science
8.1Plant Nutrition7.07
8.3Pest Management14.14
8.4Growth and Management18.18

Wildlife and Fisheries

ODE Subject Code: 010745
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.2Leadership and Communications4.12
1.3Business Ethics and Law2.06
1.11Principles of Business Economics1.03
1.12Site and Personal Safety Procedures 2.06
Strand 2. Animal Science
2.1Nutrition4.12
2.2Body Systems12.37
2.3Care and Management14.43
2.4Recognizing Diseases and Disorders4.12
2.5Animal Health1.03
2.6Population Management1.03
2.7Animal Behavior5.15
Strand 3. Biotechnology
3.8Research and Experiments 13.40
Strand 4. Power Systems
4.1Tool, Stationary and Mobile Equipment Maintenance1.03
Strand 5. Structural Engineering
5.4Surveying and Mapping3.09
5.5Geographic Information Systems (GIS)2.06
Strand 6. Environmental Science
6.2Water Quality5.15
6.10Ecosystems10.31
6.11Habitat Management and Restoration11.34
Strand 8. Plant Science
8.4Growth and Management2.06

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