About the Tests

About Test Blueprints

Test blueprints are created to provide guidance to Subject Matter Experts (SMEs) during the item writing phase of test development. In addition, we believe that they can assist those instructors who did not participate in item writing (and administrators) to understand the broad content of the item bank. Items are formally allocated across a course outline in a three-step process*:

  1. CETE psychometricians send a survey starting in the summer prior to item writing and until the item bank is written. The survey asks teachers to identify competencies they deem to be most important within the course as well as the difficulty level of writing items to each competency. Survey data is used to create a suggested blueprint for review by the Ohio Department of Education program specialists and SMEs.
  2. SMEs review the blueprint as a large group before item writing for a specific EOC test. There and in small groups, SMEs review the course outline and have the ability to make changes to the blueprint with a documented rationale based on their experience and expertise.
  3. Any revisions during small group work must be approved by the larger panel of SMEs attending an item writing workshop, as well as the program specialist from the Ohio Department of Education, which is the last step and produces the final blueprint which is summarized in this document.

Test blueprints can provide high-level guidance to instructors on preparing students for testing. It is important to keep in mind that the blueprint is a tool that is used when developing the test item bank during initial item writing and test creation. As with all tests, the End-of-Course test forms are a sample of the item bank.

Interpreting the Blueprints

Test blueprints display the total number of test items SMEs planned to write to a particular outcome (as designated in the course outline created by the Ohio Department of Education Office of Career-Technical Education or by a vendor). The blueprint describes structure of the item bank which is the total pool of test items created. Final test forms of 40-items are created from the item bank.

* This newer process for producing test blueprints was implemented October 1, 2015. Item banks created prior to this date were completed under a different blueprint process and therefore we are looking backward to provide the structure of the item bank. As revisions are completed for those career fields, for example Information Technology (2017-18), the blueprint process used will be the newer model. Learn more at cete.osu.edu/expertise/assessment

Test Blueprints

Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources

ODE Subject Code: 010105
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.2Leadership and Communications2.22
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology1.11
1.6Business Literacy1.11
1.9Financial Management2.22
1.12Site and Personal Safety Procedures 8.89
Strand 2. Animal Science
2.3Care and Management13.33
Strand 3. Biotechnology
3.1Handling, Preparation, Storage, and Disposal3.33
3.4Molecular-Genetics Technology5.56
3.6Culturing3.33
Strand 4. Power Systems
4.1Tool, Stationary and Mobile Equipment Maintenance1.11
4.3Engines5.56
Strand 5. Structural Engineering
5.3Design and Estimate3.33
5.6Construction5.56
5.10Joining and Cutting Metals with Heat3.33
Strand 6. Environmental Science
6.1Soils11.11
6.2Water Quality3.33
6.11Habitat Management and Restoration3.33
Strand 7. Food Science
7.2Quality Assurance3.33
7.5Food Product Development3.33
Strand 8. Plant Science
8.1Plant Nutrition4.44
8.4Growth and Management5.56
Strand 9. Energy
9.1Energy Sources5.56

Business Management for Agricultural and Environmental Systems

ODE Subject Code: 010115
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills12.64
1.2Leadership and Communications13.79
1.3Business Ethics and Law5.75
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology4.60
1.5Global Environment1.15
1.6Business Literacy14.94
1.7Entrepreneurship/ Entrepreneurs8.05
1.8Operations Management10.34
1.9Financial Management17.24
1.10Sales and Marketing6.90
Strand 7. Food Science
7.7Biosecurity4.60

Agricultural and Industrial Power

ODE Subject Code: 010210
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills2.06
1.2Leadership and Communications7.22
1.3Business Ethics and Law3.09
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology1.03
1.6Business Literacy1.03
1.8Operations Management1.03
1.10Sales and Marketing2.06
1.12Site and Personal Safety Procedures 5.15
Strand 4. Power Systems
4.1Tool, Stationary and Mobile Equipment Maintenance10.31
4.2Equipment Operations3.09
4.3Engines12.37
4.4Lubrication and Cooling Systems6.19
4.5Fuel, Air Induction and Exhaust System5.15
4.6Ignition System2.06
4.7Transmission of Power4.12
4.8Starting and Charging Systems2.06
4.9Steering, Suspension and Traction4.12
4.11Hydraulic Systems7.22
4.12Brakes1.03
Strand 5. Structural Engineering
5.1Electrical Theory3.09
5.9Physics and Metallurgy of Welding4.12
5.10Joining and Cutting Metals with Heat7.22
5.11Fabricating with Cold Metals5.15

Electronic and Electrical Systems

ODE Subject Code: 010215
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills2.86
1.2Leadership and Communications3.81
1.3Business Ethics and Law1.90
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology7.62
1.6Business Literacy1.90
1.8Operations Management1.90
1.10Sales and Marketing1.90
1.12Site and Personal Safety Procedures 10.48
Strand 4. Power Systems
4.1Tool, Stationary and Mobile Equipment Maintenance9.52
4.3Engines2.86
4.6Ignition System8.57
4.8Starting and Charging Systems7.62
Strand 5. Structural Engineering
5.1Electrical Theory39.05

Engines and Fuel Systems

ODE Subject Code: 010220
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills2.11
1.2Leadership and Communications10.53
1.3Business Ethics and Law4.21
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology4.21
1.10Sales and Marketing1.05
1.12Site and Personal Safety Procedures 6.32
Strand 4. Power Systems
4.1Tool, Stationary and Mobile Equipment Maintenance11.58
4.2Equipment Operations4.21
4.3Engines12.63
4.4Lubrication and Cooling Systems10.53
4.5Fuel, Air Induction and Exhaust System17.89
4.6Ignition System9.47
4.8Starting and Charging Systems5.26

Hydraulics and Pneumatics

ODE Subject Code: 010225
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills3.42
1.2Leadership and Communications3.42
1.3Business Ethics and Law3.42
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology2.56
1.6Business Literacy1.71
1.8Operations Management1.71
1.10Sales and Marketing1.71
1.12Site and Personal Safety Procedures 17.09
Strand 4. Power Systems
4.1Tool, Stationary and Mobile Equipment Maintenance9.40
4.2Equipment Operations1.71
4.11Hydraulic Systems47.01
4.12Brakes3.42
Strand 6. Environmental Science
6.8Contaminants and Pollution Control1.71
6.9Hazardous Materials and Waste Management 1.71

Power Trains

ODE Subject Code: 010230
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills7.53
1.2Leadership and Communications3.23
1.3Business Ethics and Law3.23
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology5.38
1.6Business Literacy2.15
1.8Operations Management2.15
1.10Sales and Marketing5.38
1.12Site and Personal Safety Procedures 11.83
Strand 4. Power Systems
4.1Tool, Stationary and Mobile Equipment Maintenance7.53
4.2Equipment Operations4.30
4.7Transmission of Power31.18
4.10Drive Axle Universal and Differential16.13

Outdoor Power Technology

ODE Subject Code: 010235
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills3.23
1.2Leadership and Communications3.23
1.3Business Ethics and Law3.23
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology3.23
1.6Business Literacy3.23
1.8Operations Management2.15
1.10Sales and Marketing3.23
1.12Site and Personal Safety Procedures 3.23
Strand 4. Power Systems
4.1Tool, Stationary and Mobile Equipment Maintenance10.75
4.2Equipment Operations3.23
4.3Engines11.83
4.4Lubrication and Cooling Systems3.23
4.5Fuel, Air Induction and Exhaust System6.45
4.6Ignition System1.08
4.7Transmission of Power1.08
4.8Starting and Charging Systems2.15
4.11Hydraulic Systems9.68
Strand 5. Structural Engineering
5.1Electrical Theory10.75
5.10Joining and Cutting Metals with Heat9.68
5.11Fabricating with Cold Metals3.23
Strand 6. Environmental Science
6.8Contaminants and Pollution Control2.15

Power Sports

ODE Subject Code: 010240
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills7.14
1.2Leadership and Communications6.12
1.3Business Ethics and Law8.16
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology2.04
1.6Business Literacy4.08
1.10Sales and Marketing3.06
1.12Site and Personal Safety Procedures 9.18
Strand 4. Power Systems
4.1Tool, Stationary and Mobile Equipment Maintenance3.06
4.2Equipment Operations1.02
4.3Engines5.10
4.4Lubrication and Cooling Systems7.14
4.5Fuel, Air Induction and Exhaust System11.22
4.6Ignition System7.14
4.7Transmission of Power6.12
4.8Starting and Charging Systems4.08
4.9Steering, Suspension and Traction5.10
4.11Hydraulic Systems5.10
4.12Brakes5.10

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