About the Tests

About Test Blueprints

Test blueprints are created to provide guidance to Subject Matter Experts (SMEs) during the item writing phase of test development. In addition, we believe that they can assist those instructors who did not participate in item writing (and administrators) to understand the broad content of the item bank. Items are formally allocated across a course outline in a three-step process*:

  1. CETE psychometricians send a survey starting in the summer prior to item writing and until the item bank is written. The survey asks teachers to identify competencies they deem to be most important within the course as well as the difficulty level of writing items to each competency. Survey data is used to create a suggested blueprint for review by the Ohio Department of Education program specialists and SMEs.
  2. SMEs review the blueprint as a large group before item writing for a specific EOC test. There and in small groups, SMEs review the course outline and have the ability to make changes to the blueprint with a documented rationale based on their experience and expertise.
  3. Any revisions during small group work must be approved by the larger panel of SMEs attending an item writing workshop, as well as the program specialist from the Ohio Department of Education, which is the last step and produces the final blueprint which is summarized in this document.

Test blueprints can provide high-level guidance to instructors on preparing students for testing. It is important to keep in mind that the blueprint is a tool that is used when developing the test item bank during initial item writing and test creation. As with all tests, the End-of-Course test forms are a sample of the item bank.

Interpreting the Blueprints

Test blueprints display the total number of test items SMEs planned to write to a particular outcome (as designated in the course outline created by the Ohio Department of Education Office of Career-Technical Education or by a vendor). The blueprint describes structure of the item bank which is the total pool of test items created. Final test forms of 40-items are created from the item bank.

* This newer process for producing test blueprints was implemented October 1, 2015. Item banks created prior to this date were completed under a different blueprint process and therefore we are looking backward to provide the structure of the item bank. As revisions are completed for those career fields, for example Information Technology (2017-18), the blueprint process used will be the newer model. Learn more at cete.osu.edu/expertise/assessment

Test Blueprints

Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources

ODE Subject Code: 010105
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.2Leadership and Communications2.22
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology1.11
1.6Business Literacy1.11
1.9Financial Management2.22
1.12Site and Personal Safety Procedures 8.89
Strand 2. Animal Science
2.3Care and Management13.33
Strand 3. Biotechnology
3.1Handling, Preparation, Storage, and Disposal3.33
3.4Molecular-Genetics Technology5.56
3.6Culturing3.33
Strand 4. Power Systems
4.1Tool, Stationary and Mobile Equipment Maintenance1.11
4.3Engines5.56
Strand 5. Structural Engineering
5.3Design and Estimate3.33
5.6Construction5.56
5.10Joining and Cutting Metals with Heat3.33
Strand 6. Environmental Science
6.1Soils11.11
6.2Water Quality3.33
6.11Habitat Management and Restoration3.33
Strand 7. Food Science
7.2Quality Assurance3.33
7.5Food Product Development3.33
Strand 8. Plant Science
8.1Plant Nutrition4.44
8.4Growth and Management5.56
Strand 9. Energy
9.1Energy Sources5.56

Business Management for Agricultural and Environmental Systems

ODE Subject Code: 010115
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills12.64
1.2Leadership and Communications13.79
1.3Business Ethics and Law5.75
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology4.60
1.5Global Environment1.15
1.6Business Literacy14.94
1.7Entrepreneurship/ Entrepreneurs8.05
1.8Operations Management10.34
1.9Financial Management17.24
1.10Sales and Marketing6.90
Strand 7. Food Science
7.7Biosecurity4.60

Mechanical Principles

ODE Subject Code: 010120
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills1.06
1.2Leadership and Communications4.26
1.12Site and Personal Safety Procedures 6.38
Strand 4. Power Systems
4.1Tool, Stationary and Mobile Equipment Maintenance7.45
4.2Equipment Operations4.26
4.3Engines13.83
4.4Lubrication and Cooling Systems2.13
4.5Fuel, Air Induction and Exhaust System1.06
4.11Hydraulic Systems7.45
Strand 5. Structural Engineering
5.1Electrical Theory11.70
5.2Structural Electrical Circuits5.32
5.3Design and Estimate7.45
5.6Construction6.38
5.8Water Distribution Systems8.51
5.9Physics and Metallurgy of Welding2.13
5.10Joining and Cutting Metals with Heat6.38
5.11Fabricating with Cold Metals4.26

Animal and Plant Science

ODE Subject Code: 010125
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.3Business Ethics and Law2.30
1.6Business Literacy2.30
1.8Operations Management1.15
1.9Financial Management1.15
1.10Sales and Marketing1.15
Strand 2. Animal Science
2.1Nutrition4.60
2.2Body Systems11.49
2.3Care and Management5.75
2.4Recognizing Diseases and Disorders2.30
2.5Animal Health4.60
2.6Population Management5.75
2.7Animal Behavior4.60
Strand 6. Environmental Science
6.1Soils5.75
6.2Water Quality6.90
6.3Air Quality3.45
6.4Water Use and Management2.30
Strand 7. Food Science
7.5Food Product Development1.15
Strand 8. Plant Science
8.1Plant Nutrition6.90
8.2Plant Reproduction5.75
8.3Pest Management3.45
8.4Growth and Management12.64
8.5Harvesting4.60

Global Economics and Food Markets

ODE Subject Code: 010130
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills8.51
1.2Leadership and Communications9.57
1.3Business Ethics and Law5.32
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology4.26
1.5Global Environment5.32
1.6Business Literacy8.51
1.7Entrepreneurship/ Entrepreneurs4.26
1.8Operations Management6.38
1.9Financial Management4.26
1.10Sales and Marketing6.38
1.11Principles of Business Economics10.64
Strand 2. Animal Science
2.3Care and Management5.32
2.6Population Management3.19
Strand 7. Food Science
7.3Meat Science 3.19
7.5Food Product Development3.19
Strand 8. Plant Science
8.4Growth and Management3.19
8.5Harvesting5.32
8.6Handling and Storage3.19

Greenhouse and Nursery Management

ODE Subject Code: 010610
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills11.96
1.2Leadership and Communications1.09
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology2.17
1.6Business Literacy3.26
1.8Operations Management3.26
1.9Financial Management2.17
1.10Sales and Marketing5.43
1.12Site and Personal Safety Procedures 3.26
Strand 3. Biotechnology
3.8Research and Experiments 2.17
Strand 5. Structural Engineering
5.1Electrical Theory3.26
5.2Structural Electrical Circuits2.17
Strand 6. Environmental Science
6.1Soils4.35
6.2Water Quality3.26
6.7Solid Waste and Renewable Resource Management3.26
Strand 7. Food Science
7.7Biosecurity3.26
Strand 8. Plant Science
8.1Plant Nutrition13.04
8.2Plant Reproduction5.43
8.3Pest Management6.52
8.4Growth and Management15.22
8.5Harvesting2.17
8.6Handling and Storage3.26

Agronomic Systems

ODE Subject Code: 010620
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills1.92
1.2Leadership and Communications1.92
1.3Business Ethics and Law1.92
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology1.92
1.6Business Literacy2.88
1.8Operations Management4.81
1.9Financial Management1.92
1.12Site and Personal Safety Procedures 4.81
Strand 3. Biotechnology
3.8Research and Experiments 0.96
Strand 4. Power Systems
4.1Tool, Stationary and Mobile Equipment Maintenance3.85
4.2Equipment Operations1.92
Strand 5. Structural Engineering
5.4Surveying and Mapping2.88
5.5Geographic Information Systems (GIS)1.92
Strand 6. Environmental Science
6.1Soils8.65
6.2Water Quality3.85
6.3Air Quality1.92
6.7Solid Waste and Renewable Resource Management2.88
6.8Contaminants and Pollution Control1.92
6.9Hazardous Materials and Waste Management 2.88
6.10Ecosystems6.73
6.11Habitat Management and Restoration1.92
Strand 7. Food Science
7.1The Science of Food1.92
7.7Biosecurity1.92
Strand 8. Plant Science
8.1Plant Nutrition9.62
8.2Plant Reproduction3.85
8.3Pest Management3.85
8.4Growth and Management6.73
8.5Harvesting5.77
8.6Handling and Storage1.92

Energy Systems Management

ODE Subject Code: 010715
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills5.49
1.2Leadership and Communications5.49
1.3Business Ethics and Law1.10
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology2.20
1.6Business Literacy2.20
1.10Sales and Marketing1.10
1.11Principles of Business Economics3.30
1.12Site and Personal Safety Procedures 6.59
Strand 3. Biotechnology
3.8Research and Experiments 1.10
Strand 4. Power Systems
4.1Tool, Stationary and Mobile Equipment Maintenance7.69
4.2Equipment Operations3.30
Strand 5. Structural Engineering
5.1Electrical Theory8.79
5.2Structural Electrical Circuits5.49
5.3Design and Estimate6.59
5.4Surveying and Mapping3.30
5.8Water Distribution Systems5.49
Strand 6. Environmental Science
6.10Ecosystems2.20
Strand 9. Energy
9.1Energy Sources9.89
9.2Crude Oil and Natural Gas3.30
9.3Biomass4.40
9.4Solar Energy 4.40
9.5Wind Energy 6.59

Environmental Science for Agriculture and Natural Resources

ODE Subject Code: 010720
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills2.15
1.2Leadership and Communications3.23
1.3Business Ethics and Law1.08
1.11Principles of Business Economics3.23
1.12Site and Personal Safety Procedures 2.15
Strand 2. Animal Science
2.3Care and Management1.08
2.4Recognizing Diseases and Disorders2.15
2.6Population Management1.08
Strand 3. Biotechnology
3.8Research and Experiments 9.68
Strand 6. Environmental Science
6.1Soils7.53
6.2Water Quality5.38
6.3Air Quality3.23
6.4Water Use and Management3.23
6.5Potable Water Treatment2.15
6.6Wastewater Operations5.38
6.7Solid Waste and Renewable Resource Management7.53
6.8Contaminants and Pollution Control7.53
6.9Hazardous Materials and Waste Management 4.30
6.10Ecosystems8.60
6.11Habitat Management and Restoration8.60
Strand 8. Plant Science
8.3Pest Management2.15
Strand 9. Energy
9.1Energy Sources8.60

Forestry and Woodland Ecosystems

ODE Subject Code: 010730
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills6.17
1.2Leadership and Communications9.88
1.3Business Ethics and Law1.23
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology2.47
1.6Business Literacy2.47
1.10Sales and Marketing6.17
1.12Site and Personal Safety Procedures 8.64
Strand 4. Power Systems
4.1Tool, Stationary and Mobile Equipment Maintenance7.41
4.2Equipment Operations4.94
Strand 5. Structural Engineering
5.4Surveying and Mapping2.47
5.5Geographic Information Systems (GIS)1.23
Strand 6. Environmental Science
6.1Soils4.94
6.8Contaminants and Pollution Control3.70
6.10Ecosystems6.17
Strand 8. Plant Science
8.1Plant Nutrition4.94
8.2Plant Reproduction2.47
8.3Pest Management6.17
8.4Growth and Management9.88
8.5Harvesting6.17
8.6Handling and Storage2.47

Animal Health

ODE Subject Code: 010915
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.2Leadership and Communications3.41
Strand 2. Animal Science
2.1Nutrition14.77
2.2Body Systems9.09
2.3Care and Management15.91
2.4Recognizing Diseases and Disorders17.05
2.5Animal Health14.77
2.6Population Management4.55
2.7Animal Behavior11.36
Strand 3. Biotechnology
3.8Research and Experiments 4.55
Strand 7. Food Science
7.7Biosecurity4.55

Livestock Selection, Nutrition and Management

ODE Subject Code: 010920
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.6Business Literacy1.06
1.8Operations Management1.06
1.11Principles of Business Economics1.06
Strand 2. Animal Science
2.1Nutrition14.89
2.2Body Systems13.83
2.3Care and Management11.70
2.4Recognizing Diseases and Disorders4.26
2.5Animal Health3.19
2.6Population Management11.70
2.7Animal Behavior11.70
Strand 3. Biotechnology
3.4Molecular-Genetics Technology4.26
Strand 6. Environmental Science
6.7Solid Waste and Renewable Resource Management3.19
Strand 7. Food Science
7.1The Science of Food3.19
7.2Quality Assurance3.19
7.3Meat Science 3.19
7.7Biosecurity5.32
Strand 9. Energy
9.3Biomass3.19

Animal Anatomy and Physiology

ODE Subject Code: 010945
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.12Site and Personal Safety Procedures 11.96
Strand 2. Animal Science
2.2Body Systems65.22
2.4Recognizing Diseases and Disorders4.35
2.6Population Management6.52
2.7Animal Behavior11.96

Science and Technology of Food

ODE Subject Code: 011010
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.3Business Ethics and Law3.61
Strand 3. Biotechnology
3.2Foundations of Chemistry 7.23
3.3Microbiology Testing and Technology4.82
3.5Laboratory Standard Operational Procedures 4.82
3.6Culturing3.61
3.8Research and Experiments 10.84
Strand 7. Food Science
7.1The Science of Food26.51
7.2Quality Assurance3.61
7.4Food Production and Processing10.84
7.5Food Product Development10.84
7.6Food Safety and Sanitation6.02
7.7Biosecurity7.23

Meat Science and Technology

ODE Subject Code: 011020
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.2Leadership and Communications2.33
1.3Business Ethics and Law4.65
1.6Business Literacy2.33
1.8Operations Management2.33
1.9Financial Management2.33
1.10Sales and Marketing4.65
1.12Site and Personal Safety Procedures 10.47
Strand 4. Power Systems
4.1Tool, Stationary and Mobile Equipment Maintenance10.47
4.2Equipment Operations6.98
Strand 6. Environmental Science
6.7Solid Waste and Renewable Resource Management2.33
Strand 7. Food Science
7.1The Science of Food9.30
7.3Meat Science 11.63
7.4Food Production and Processing9.30
7.5Food Product Development2.33
7.6Food Safety and Sanitation12.79
7.7Biosecurity5.81

Animal and Plant Biotechnology

ODE Subject Code: 012010
Outcome #Outcome Name% Items Approved by SMEs
Strand 1. Business Operations/21st Century Skills
1.1Employability Skills15.12
1.2Leadership and Communications5.81
1.3Business Ethics and Law3.49
1.4Knowledge Management and Information Technology3.49
1.5Global Environment4.65
1.10Sales and Marketing4.65
1.12Site and Personal Safety Procedures 5.81
Strand 3. Biotechnology
3.2Foundations of Chemistry 4.65
3.3Microbiology Testing and Technology4.65
3.4Molecular-Genetics Technology20.93
3.5Laboratory Standard Operational Procedures 6.98
3.6Culturing5.81
3.8Research and Experiments 6.98
Strand 4. Power Systems
4.1Tool, Stationary and Mobile Equipment Maintenance2.33
Strand 7. Food Science
7.7Biosecurity4.65

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